Healthy Cities

Healthy Neighborhood Evaluation System

Neighborhoods are places where people spend the most time in their lives. Neighborhoods have a decisive impact on the residents' health. With several important tasks, including the transformation of old neighborhoods, the maintenance of existing neighborhoods, and the construction of new neighborhoods in the future, a scientific and reasonable evaluation standard is urgently needed to guide the development of healthy neighborhoods. To build the evaluation system, this paper first clarifies the principles for selecting evaluation indicators, which include: 1) the indicators are selected from a humanistic perspective; 2) the pathways between neighborhoods environment and health outcomes are deeply considered; 3) the indicators are selected from multiple scales. Secondly, based on the combined perspectives of urban planning and public health, it identifies the indicators that affect the residents' health in neighborhoods and searches the literature through the quality assessment to provide evidence to support the accuracy and effectiveness of the indicators. Finally, it proposes prospect to the evaluation, including 1) it is urgent to improve and utilize the healthy neighborhoods based on the Chinese condition; 2) advanced technologies need to be widely applied in neighborhoods in the future; 3) the transitions in cities should be considered in the future development of neighborhoods. It hopes that relevant researchers and government leaders to realize the importance and urgency of healthy neighborhoods to build more healthy neighborhoods in China.

Download
张雨洋等 2020 风景园林_健康居住小区.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.2 MB

Smart technologies help China combat COVID-19 via promoting city resilience

Details are available HERE

Download
龙瀛 2020 城市规划_泛智慧城市技术.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 404.1 KB
Download
李伟健和龙瀛 2020 上海城市规划_泛智慧城市技术.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 5.8 MB

Assessment of Tobacco Control Policy Based on Baidu Big Data

As the increased attention to human settlements and healthy environment from all over the world, ‘healthy cities’ has become one of the most indispensable topics for urban development. Under such circumstance and the concept of “Health China” proposed in 2016, there has been an increasingly concern on the policy of urban tobacco and smoking control. In 2018, the World Health Organization started to focus on “smoking in cities” problem. In this study, WHO China cooperated with the Baidu Big Data department and Tsinghua University to conduct the spatial analysis and statistics research on the situation of urban smokers and the effects of tobacco control policy in China.

 

We evaluated people’s change of attention for tobacco-related information by using the massive and spatiotemporal query data and user profile data related to smoking problem in 2013 and 2017 offered by Baidu Big Data department. The data covered 2869 urban districts in China. Besides, we assessed the effects of tobacco control policies in Chinese cities based on the tobacco control policies of various cities. The results showed that there has been an increase in people’s awareness and discussion on the legislative content of smoke-free and the areas with high overall smoking attention were concentrated in the Yangtze River Basin. Meanwhile, the significant increase of people’s attention to e-cigarettes and tobacco tax policy was also found. As for the smoker groups, the proportion of smokers under 24 years old, female smokers and smokers with lower education level increased. We further compared the difference between cities with different levels of tobacco control policies and the results revealed the increase in overall attention on smoking in cities with strict smoking restrict policies. In addition, the attention of smoke-free and cessation increased in cities with smoking restrict policies and especially in those with strict smoking restrict policies. Furthermore, as the area with increasing smoke-free attention were obviously scattered around cities with strict smoking restrict policies, we found the policy may exert influence to surrounding area.

 

Tsinghua University:

Ying Long, Zhaoxi Zhang (Presenter), Jue Ma, Yuyang Zhang

 

Baidu Big Data Department:

Jidong Peng, Peng Liu, Shengwen Yang, Lu Meng, Xin Mao, Huadong Li

 

We thank Gauden GALEA, Xiaopeng JIANG, Kelvin Khow Chuan HENG, Paige SNIDER, Jiani SUN and Xi YIN (in the alphabetic order) from WHO China for their regular inputs and technical discussions.

Download
Slides for the project
基于百度大数据的烟草与健康研究报告 adjusted logos FULL zx
Adobe Acrobat Document 5.0 MB
Download
Media Press
百度大数据携手清华大学助力世界卫生组织,关注“城市吸烟问题” 推动“健康城市”发
Adobe Acrobat Document 142.9 KB

The Forum on Healthy Cities and Physical Activity

Download
01-陈伟峰-百公里与深圳.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 8.3 MB
Download
02-姜晓朋-可持续发展目标中的健康.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 5.4 MB
Download
03-刘静-北京市心血管病发病监测.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.1 MB
Download
04-龙瀛-赵健婷-摩拜骑行指数.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.1 MB
Download
05-钱京京-中国城市步行友好性评价.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.1 MB
Download
06-田超-摩拜大数据建设健康出行城市.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 5.3 MB
Download
07-王兰-健康城市研究与实践:对于规划原则的反思.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.6 MB
Download
08-杨松-北京绿道与健康城市.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 26.2 MB