Physical Activities in China

Understanding Physical Activities in China using the massive Gudong App Records

China’s urbanization has witnessed the stage of rapid expansion and large-scale construction, during which unprecedented risks have been brought to human health. With the emergence of the strategy of “healthy China”, issues involved in public health and physical activities have arisen public’s concern about people's happiness, and thus how to achieve a balance between sustainable development and human health is one of the most significant problems of China's urbanization. In order to promote the development of healthy cities in China, GuDong(a Chinese smartphone fitness application), the advocates and pioneers of Chinese intelligent sports, collaborating with the WHO Representative Office in China, the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University, the Beijing City Laboratory (BCL) and the China Urban Science Research Council & Urban Big Data Professional Committee,jointly issue a report on China's Urban Physical Activity Based on the App (2018) to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the physical activity level of the whole national cities.

 

The report on China's Urban Physical Activity Based on the App (2018) is based on the big data (30,000,000 records) of Gudong users, and take advantage of algorithm analysis and GIS visualization, to compare the activity amount and activity density between cities on the national level, then conduct an evaluation of the development of Chinese urban physical activity and spatial pattern analysis, as well as an in-depth analysis of the relationship between urban physical activities and urban factors. Through the spatial-temporal analysis, the result shows that youthfulness and centralization have become the most obvious trends. Among all the users, the number of 25-40 age group exceeds half of the total number; Besides that, the level of physical activity in the central part is stronger than the surrounding areas, which also makes the center of cities more attractive. As for the activity time, people prefer to conduct physical activities at 6:00-9:00 and 18:00-21:00, which have a consistency with people’s commuting behaviors. This promotes the formation of two groups with obvious characters " morning exercises " and "night run" who utilize spare time and keep it regular. Moreover, some urban factors included the density of green space, the density of road intersection and population density have been proved to be related to the urban physical activities. At last, this report hopes to provide a reference for the future study of urban environment and outdoor behavior, also facilitate the spread of the concept of physical activities in increasing number of cities, as well as promote the development of urban health finally.

 

《中国城市体力活动报告》发布,咕咚联合WHO、清华等为城市注入活力

 

随着我国“健康中国”战略的提出,全民健康成为国家富强和人民幸福的重要标志,与世界卫生组织(WHO)提出的“健康促进”(Health Promotion)相辅相成,两者共同推动了全国人民健康事业的进步。为了更好地推动健康城市发展,智能运动的倡导者和先行者咕咚,联合WHO驻华代表处、清华大学建筑学院、北京城市实验室(BCL)和中国城市科学研究会城市大数据专业委员会等机构,通过对咕咚运动大数据的分析,对全国城市的体力活动水平进行全面评估,共同发布了《基于咕咚App的中国城市体力活动报告(2018)》(以下简称《报告》)。

 

拥有1.5亿用户的咕咚,作为全球领先的运动大数据和服务平台,在先进的云计算、AI技术和运动专家团队的支持下,通过品类丰富的智能运动装备、运动课程和运动赛事等,构建了完善的运动大数据体系,为《报告》提供了坚实的数据基础。

年轻群体成为运动主力, 

 

《报告》基于咕咚运动大数据、通过算法分析,对比全国尺度上的整体描述以及城市之间活动量与密度,对中国城市体力活动的发展情况及影响因素进行了深入分析和全面评估。

 

城市体力活动中,年轻化、中心化成为明显趋势。所有的运动人群中,25-40岁群体超过了总人数的一半;而在所有的运动城市中,中心城市的体力活动也要比周边城市更为旺盛,这也使得年轻人口比例更大的中心城市成为健康城市的重要基石。

从运动时间方面,人们更喜欢在6:00-9:00与18:00-21:00进行体力运动,促使了“晨练型”与”夜跑型“运动群体的形成。另外,城市公园绿地也对体力活动有着明显的促进作用。

 

城市层面影响规律发掘

《报告》运用多元线性回归模型,找出多个变量对结果的影响因子,研究多个城市指标与城市体力活动的关系,找出对城市体力活动水平有影响的城市特征。分别构建自然城市体力活动量、自然城市人均体力活动量、自然城市体力活动密度与城市要素的模型,讨论对体力活动有影响的城市要素。

 

研究发现,与体力活动总量有关的城市要素主要有公园绿地和功能混合度,说明城市公园绿地总量多,功能丰富的地方有利于吸引人群进行体力活动。与人均活动总量有关的城市要素有绿地密度、道路交叉口密度和人口密度,其中绿地密度与交叉口密度有正向促进作用,而人口密度有反向促进作用,说明绿地分布密集、小路网的地方更能促进个体进行体力活动,而人群拥挤的地方不利于进行个人层面的频繁体力活动。此外,与体力活动密度有关的城市要素有绿地密度和道路交叉口密度,可见绿地密集、道路交叉口密集的地方更利于吸引密集的体力活动。由此可知,在城市要素中,对城市体力活动有影响的要素主要包括绿地、功能混合度和道路交叉口密度等。

 

《报告》为健康城市提供重要支撑,咕咚助力国民健康生活

《报告》通过运用大数据对城市体力活动进行研究,构建了“时间-空间-城市”三层逻辑体系,成为目前中国城市体力活动发展情况、不同城市及人群活动特征的风向标,为健康城市发展提供了重要的支撑。同时,《报告》也推动着健康生活的普及和健康服务的优化,基于咕咚大数据分析城市体力活动这一健康行为,为未来研究城市环境与户外行为提供了参考。

此外,《报告》还对未来健康城市的发展提供了参考经验,让咕咚的运动理念在更多城市和人群得到普及,更好地促进城市体力活动的发展,为城市注入生机和活力。

 

咕咚大数据不断探索与创新赋能运动领域 构建全民健康生态

此次咕咚与WHO驻华代表处、清华大学建筑学院、BCL和中国城市科学研究会城市大数据专业委员会等权威组织的合作,或将共同促进我国健康事业的发展,咕咚作为领先的运动大数据和服务平台,其数据的专业性和严谨性获得业界的认可。通过不断创新和探索,咕咚大数据平台将有望成为我国运动数据领域更加专业、可靠的平台,让运动“有数可依,有数可查”走向更深的层次。

 

除了此次《报告》,咕咚此前还推出了《咕咚智在·运动数据报告》、《2018中国跑者猝死风险报告》,同时也与多个第三方平台产出了多维度的数据报告,如易观的《中国在线户外跑市场专题分析2018》、与创业邦&同道大叔联合推出的《十二星座运动数据报告》等。咕咚通过不断运用大数据赋能运动领域,了解用户、服务用户,从而为用户提供全面、科学的运动指导和保障,构建全民健康生态。

 

为城市注入活力,为生命注入氧气,是对城市体力活动最好的诠释。咕咚与权威组织的强强联合,不断普及健康理念,旨在全方位、全周期为用户提供专业、完善的运动服务,助力城市健康发展。

Download
The Brief Report for Media
SinoPA_Gudong_For_Media_《中国城市体力活动报告》_v1_
Adobe Acrobat Document 620.1 KB
Download
The Whole Report for Downloading
SinoPA_Gudong_v1_20181209.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 28.8 MB