Vacant Land

Large-scale automatic identification of urban vacant land using semantic segmentation of high-resolution remote sensing images

Urban vacant land is a growing issue worldwide. However, most of the existing research on urban vacant land has focused on small-scale city areas, while few studies have focused on large-scale national areas. Large-scale identification of urban vacant land is hindered by the disadvantage of high cost and high variability when using the conventional manual identification method. Criteria inconsistency in cross-domain identification is also a major challenge. To address these problems, we propose a large-scale automatic identification framework of urban vacant land based on semantic segmentation of high-resolution remote sensing images and select 36 major cities in China as study areas. The framework utilizes deep learning techniques to realize automatic identification and introduces the city stratification method to address the challenge of identification criteria inconsistency. The results of the case study on 36 major Chinese cities indicate two major conclusions. First, the proposed framework of vacant land identification can achieve over 90 percent accuracy of the level of professional auditors with much higher result stability and approximately 15 times higher efficiency compared to the manual identification method. Second, the framework has strong robustness and can maintain high performance in various cities. With the above advantages, the proposed framework provides a practical approach to large-scale vacant land identification in various countries and regions worldwide, which is of great significance for the academic development of urban vacant land and future urban development.

We are also sharing the codes developed in this paper:

Mao et al 2022 LAND_VacantLands.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 13.5 MB
The data produced by this paper (urban vacant land in 36 main Chinese cities)
Compressed Archive in ZIP Format 20.8 MB